Medicinal Plant List - Plants Michael Pilarski has grown and wildcrafted

3/6/2017 List

Here is a list of medicinal plants I have grown over the years.  In preparation for teaching this year’s Herb Growing Seminar on April 15, I decided to make a list of all the medicinal plants I have grown or wildcrafted. I’ve never made such a list before and was curious how many species it would add up to.

There are 267 species on my cultivated list and 93 species on the wildcrafted list. 32 species I both grow and wildcraft (hence are on both lists). A grand total of 338 unique species.  This list is why I feel qualified to teach growing and wildcrafting medicinal plants.  Some of these species I have grown large amounts of for many years.  Some I’ve only grown experimentally or for short periods. So much more to learn! So many more species to try!

 

Perennial herbs:

Aconite, Monkshood (Aconitum napellus)

Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)

Anise-hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

Arnica, European (Arnica montana)

Arnica, Meadow (Arnica chamissonis)

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Astragalus, Huang Qi (Astragalus membraneceus)

Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorus)

Balm of Gilead (Cedronella canariensis)

Beebalm (Monarda didyma}

Beebalm, Sweet Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

Belladonna (Atropa bella-donna)

Betony (Stachys betonica)

Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)

Black Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Black Horehound (Ballota nigra)

Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata)

Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)

Borage (Borago officinalis)

Bugle (Ajuga reptans)

Bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

Butterburr (Petasites palmatus)

Butterfly Weed, Pleurisy Root (Asclepias tuberosa)

Calamus Root, Sweet Flag (Acorus calamus)

California Poppy (Eschscholtzia californica)

Catnip (Nepeta cataria)

Celandine (Chelidonium majus)

Chamomile, German (Matricaria recutita)

Chinese Foxglove (Rehmannia glutinosa)

Chinese Yam (Dioscorea batatas)

Codonopsis, Dang Shen (Codonopsis pilusola)

Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)

Comfrey (Symphytum officinalis)

Comfrey, Russian (Symphytum x uplandicum)

Coyote Mint (Monardella odoratissima)

Culvers Root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

Dan Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza)

Datura (Datura stramonium)

Dittany/Gas Plant (Dictamnus albus)

Echinacea angustifolia

Echinacea pallida

Echinacea purpureum

Elecampane (Inula helenium)

False-Unicorn Root (Chamaelirium luteum)

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium)

Figwort (Scrophularia nodosa)

Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium, syn Epilobium)

Garlic (Allium sativum)

Garlic-chives (Allium tuberosum)

Gentian, Yellow (Gentiana tibetica)

Gentian (Gentiana dahurica)

Germander (Teucrium marum)

Goats-beard (Aruncus dioicus)

Goat’s Rue (Galega officinalis)

Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)

Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)

Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)

Gromwell (Lithospermum officinale)

Jiao-gu-lan (Gynostemma pentaphyllum)

Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)

Hops (Humulus lupulus)

Horsemint (Agastache urticifolia)

Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)

Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)

Japanese Catnip (Schizonepeta tenuifolia)

Joe-Pye Weed, Gravelroot (Eupatorium purpureum)

Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris, A. mollis)

Lavender (Lavandula species)

Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)

Lemon Bergamot (Monarda citriodora)

Lemon Verbena (Aloysia triphylla)

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)

Leopard Lily, She-gan (Belamcanda chinensis)

Licorice, American (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

Licorice, Chinese (Glycyrrhiza uralensis)

Licorice, European (Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majus)

Lovage (Levisticum officinalis)

Madagascar Periwinkle (Catharanthus rosea)

Marijuana (Cannabis sativa)

Marjoram (Origanum vulgare)

Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis)

Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)

Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria)

Mountain Mint (Pycnanthemum americanus)

Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)

Mugwort/moxa (Artemisia vulgaris)

Mugwort, Western (Artemisia ludoviciana)

Mugwort, Puget Sound (Artemisia suksdorfii)

Mullein, Greek (Verbascum olympicum)

Nettle (Urtica dioica)

Oregano (Origanum heracleoides)

Orris root (Iris florentina)

Osha, Northwest (Ligusticum canbyii)

Oxknee (Achyranthes bidentata)

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Pasque Flower (Anemone pulsatilla)

Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea)

Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium)

Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Periwinkle (Vinca minor)

Pinellia, Ban Xia (Pinellia ternate)

Pokeroot (Phytolacca americana)

Primrose, Cowslip (Primula veris)

Purslane (Portulacca oleracea)

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Roseroot (Rhodiola rosea)

Rupturewort (Herneraria glabra)

Rue (Ruta graveolens)

Sage (Salvia officinalis)

Self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)

Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella)

Shepherd’s Purse (Capsella pursa-pastoris)

Shiso (Perilla frutescens)

Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora)

Skullcap, Baikal (Scutellaria baikalensis)

Skullcap, Barbat, Ban-zhi-lian (Scutellaria barbata)

Spearmint (Mentha spicata)

Spikenard (Nardostachys grandiflora)

St John’s Wort (Hypericum perfoliatum)

Sage, Garden (Salvia officinalis)

Sweet Cicely (Myrrhis odorata)

Sweetgrass (Hierochloe odorata)

Sweetroot (Osmorhiza occidentalis)

Thorow-wax, Chai Hu (Bupleurum falcatum)

Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)

Turkey Rhubarb (Rheum frigidum palmatum)

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)

Valerian, Sitka (Valeriana sitchensis)

Vervain (Verbena officinalis)

Violet (Viola odorata)

Vitex negundo incisa

Wild Ginger (Asarum caudatum)

Wild Lettuce (Lactuca serriola)

Winter Savory (Satureja montana)

Wormwood (Artemisia absynthium)

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Zi-cao (Lithospermum erythrorhizon)

 

Biennials

Angelica (Angelica archangelica)

Burdock (Arctium lappa)

Clary Sage (Salvia sclarea)

Gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

Henbane (Hyocyamus niger)

Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum)

Teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris)

Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus)

 

Annuals (some are perennial in tropical climates)

Ashwaganda (Withania somniferum)

Basil (Ocimum basilicum)

Blessed Thistle (Cnicus benedictus)

Borage (Borago officinalis)

Calendula (Calendula officinalis)

Coriander Coriandrum sativum)

Dill (Anethum graveolens)

Epazote, Wormseed (Chenopodium ambrosioides)

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica)

Groundcherry (Physalis peruviana)

Holy Basil, Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum)

Lobelia (Lobelia inflata)

Oats (Avena sativa)

Safflower, Hong hua (Carthamus tinctorius)

Spilanthes (Spilanthes acmella)

Stevia (Stevia rebaudiana)

Summer Savory (Satureja hortensis)

Sweet Annie, Qing Hao (Artemisia annua)

White Sage (Salvia apiana)

 

Trees:

Amur Cork Tree (Phellodendron amurense)

Beebee tree (Tetradium daniellii, was Evodia)

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Cascara (Rhamnus purshiana)

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)

Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)

Eastern Black Cherry (Prunus serotina)

Eastern White Cedar (Thuja occidentalis)

Empress Tree (Paulownia tomentosa)

Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)

Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna, C. columbiana, C. douglasii)

Juniper, Rocky Mountain (Juniperus scopulorum)

Linden, Littleleaf (Tilia cordata)

Mulberry (Morus alba)

Slippery Elm (Ulmus rubra)

Yellowhorn (Xanthoceras sorbifolia)

 

Shrubs,

Aronia (Aronia melanocarpa)

Bayberry (Myrica gale)

Black Currant (Ribes nigra)

Chaste Tree (Vitex agnus-castus)

Crampbark (Viburnum opulus, V. trilobum)

Devil’s Club (Oplopanax horridum)

Elderberry, Blue (Sambucus caerulea)

Elderberry, European (Sambucus nigra)

Ephedra, Ma-Huang (Ephedra sinensis)

Goji Berry (Lycium chinense)

Kinnikinnik (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)

Oregon-grape (Mahonia aquifolium)

Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea)

Redroot (Ceanothus velutinus)

Rose (Rosa species)

Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia)

Sumac (Rhus glabra)

Witch-hazel (Hamamelis species)

 

Medicinal plants that Michael Pilarski has wildcrafted

3/6/2017 List

 

Alumroot (Heuchera cylindrica)

Arnica, Heart-leaved (Arnica cordifolia))

Arnica, Shining (A. fulgens)

Arnica, Hairy (Arnica mollis)

Aspen (Populus tremuloides)

Balsamroot (Balsamorhiza sagitata)

Bilberry, European (Vaccinium myrtillus)

Birch, Paper (Betula papyrifera)

Bittersweet Nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

Black Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Bleeding Heart (Dicentra Formosa)

Centaury (Centaurium erythraea)

Chickweed (Stellaria media)

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana,

Cinquefoil, Sulphur (Potentilla recta)

Cleavers (Galium aparine)

Clematis, Western (Clematis ligusticifolia)

Cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa)

Cow Parsnip (Heracleum lanata)

Cympoterus terebinthinus

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Devil’s Club (Oplopanax horridum)

Dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

False Hellebore (Veratrum viride)

False Solomons-seal (Maianthemum racemosa)

Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium, syn Epilobium)

Foxglove (Digitalis lanata),

Ghostpipe (Monotropa uniflora)

Gromwell (Lithospermum ruderale)

Gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa, G. integrifolia)

Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna, C. columbiana, C. douglasii)

Henbane (Hyocyamus niger)

Horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)

Horstail (Equisetum arvense)

Japanese Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum)

Larch, Western (Larix occidentalis)

Lomatium (Lomatium dissectum)

Lungwort (Lobaria pulmonaria)

Mugwort, Western (Artemisia ludoviciana),

Mugwort, Puget Sound (Artemisia suksdorfii)

Mullein (Verbascum thapsus)

Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata)

Plantain (Plantago lanceolata and P. major)

Puncturevine (Tribulus terristris)

Pedicularis racemosa and P. bracteosa

Pine, Ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa)

Purple Sage (Salvia dorii),

Pyrola species

Quackgrass (Elymus repens),

Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carota)

Rattlesnake-plantain (Goodyera oblongifolia)

Red-Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea)

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Redroot (Ceanothus velutinus)

Sarsparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

Scotch Broom (Cytisus scoparius)

Self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)

Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella)

Shepherds Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

St John’s Wort (Hypericum perfoliatum)

Sumac (Rhus glabra)

Sweet Clover (Melilotus officinalis)

Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)

Teasel (Dipsacus sylvestris)

Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)

Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)

Turkeytail Mushroom (Trametes versicolor)

Usnea Lichen (Usnea species)

Valerian, Sitka (Valeriana sitchensis)

Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)

Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata)

Wild Ginger (Asarum caudatum)

Wild Lettuce (Lactucca serriola)

Willow (Salix species)

Wormwood (Artemisia absynthium)

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Yew, Pacific (Taxus brevifolia)