Trees and Shrubs of Value in the Maritime Pacific Northwest of North America

List prepared by Michael Pilarski, Friends of the Trees Society

Version 1, March 28, 2015

This list is composed of 150 trees and shrubs which may (or may not) be economically profitable to grow for products/functions or to sell as nursery plants in the Maritime PNW region.  This is admittedly a very preliminary list.

The chief reference for this list, besides the author’s knowledge, is the book “The Complete Encyclopedia of Trees and Shrubs”. 2003, Thunder Bay Press, San Diego California.  816 pages.

I went through the book genus by genus.  This list focuses on zone 6 and zone 7 species (occasionally zone 8) which can be grown in the Maritime Northwest.  This is a preliminary list only and only includes a few of the many notable natives. Many other tree and shrub species adapted to the maritime PNW are listed in my Inland Pacific Northwest 1000 Crops list which focuses on zone 3 to 5 plants, including some zone 6.  Zone 6 is the overlap zone between the Inland and the Maritime Northwest.  Zone 6 is risky in most of the interior Northwest and zone 8 is risky in most of the maritime northwest.  In the maritime PNW, Zone 8 is possible in the urban heat islands or carefully protected situations.

Aralia elata (Japanese Angelica Tree) z-4

Aralia spinosa (Devil’s walking Stick) z-5

Arbutus unedo (Strawberry tree)

Arctostaphylos species

Buddleia globosa

Buddleia weyeriana

Buddleia davidii


Berberis species (Bayberry)

Bupleurum fruticosum. Shrubby Hare’s Ear, z-7

Bumelia lanuginosa

Buxus microphylla, Chinese Box, z-6

Buxus sempervirens, Common Box, z-6

Callicarpa americana, American Beauty Berry, z-6

Callicarpa bodinieri, z-6

Calluna vulgaris, Heather, z-4

Camellia oleifera (yields cooking and cosmetic oils), z-6

Carpinus species (Hornbeam)

Carya species (Hickory)

Caryopteris species

Catalpa speciosa

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus

Ceanothus x veitchianus

Cedrus deodara (Deodar Cedar) z-7

Cedrus atlantica (Atlas Cedar) z-6

Cedrus libani (Cedar of Lebanon) z-5

Cerastigma species

Cercidiphyllum japonicum (Katsura tree)

Chaenomeles (Japanese quince)

Chimonanthus praecox (Japanese Allspice, Wintersweet) z-6

Chimonanthus nitans, z-7

Chimonanthus yunnanensis, z-7

Chionanthus retusus, Japanese Fringe Tree z-6

Chionanthus virginicus, Fringe Tree, z-4

Cistus populifolius

Cladastris lutea (Yellowwood)

Clethra acuminata

Clethra alnifolia

Cordyline australis

Corylopsis glabrescens, (Fragrant winter-hazel) z-6

Corylopsis himalayana, z-6

x Crataegomespilus dardarii. Bronvau medlar. A graft hybrid between hawthorn and medlar.

Cryptomeria japonica

Cunninghamia lanceolata (China Fir)

Cupressus glabra, Arizona cypress  z-6

Cupressus macrocarpa, Monterey Cypress, z-7

Daphne species

Davidia involucrata (Handkerchief tree), z-6,

Diospyros lotus

Drimys winteri, Winters Bark, z-7

Empetrum nigrum, (black crowberry) edible fruit, z-3

Eleutheroccus senticosus (Siberian ginseng), z-3

Eleutheroccus species.

Ephedra species

Erica species

Erica cinerea, z-5

Erica tetralix, z-3

Erica vagans, z-5

Escallonia illinita edible fruit, z-7

Euonymus species

Eurotia lanata, Winterfat

Exocorda sp.

Fagus species (Beech)

Fallugia paradoxa, z-5

Fatsia japonica, (Rice-paper plant) z-8

Fraxinus species (Ash Tree) (leaves used for animal fodder)

Fuchsia magellanica

Garrya elliptica, (Silk-Tassel)

Garrya flavescens, (Silk-Tassel)

Garrya fremontii, (Fremont Silk-tassel)

Genista species

Hamamelis species (witch-hazel)

Hibiscus syriacus (Rose-of-Sharon)

Hippophae sinensis (wood yields yellow dye). Berries yield a cosmetic oil.

Hydrangea species

Ilex species

Jasminum beesianum (z-7)

Juglans x bixbyi (hybrid between Japanese heartnut and butternut)

Kalopanax septemlobus (syn. A. pictus), Tree Aralia, z-5

Koelreuteria paniculata (seeds used for beads) z-6

Lupinus arboreus, z-8

Magnolia officinalis

Magnolia species
Margyicarpus  pinnatus (Pearl Fruit) z-7

Microbiota decussata (Russian Cypress), z-3

Myrtus communis, Common Myrtle, z-8

Nandina domestica (Heavenly bamboo) z-7

Nyassa aquatica

Nyassa sylvatica

Orixa japonica

Osmanthus fragrans z-7

Ostrya species

Oxydendron arboreum

Paeonia species

Parrotia persica

Phyllostachys bisettii (bamboo), z-5

Phyllostachys nigra

Pieris species

Pinus species

Platanus occidentalis


Poncirus trifoliata

Petelea species (hop tree)

Pterocarya x rehderiana z-6, one of the fastest growing, deciduous trees)


Pterostyrax hispida

Pyracantha species

Pyrocydonia  dan

Quercus species (600 species of oak!)

Rhododendron species

Rubus (250 species)

Rubus deliciosus

Rubus pentalobus

Rubus odoratus



Salix (400 willow species)

Sapium sebiferum

Sarcococca confusa

Sciadopitus vesticilliata (Umbrella pine)


Sinocalycanthus chinensis

Sophora japonica

Sophora davidii

Sorbus species (mountain ash)

Staphylea species (Bladdernut)

Stellera albertii (fragrant, medicinal) z-5


Stewartia species,

Styrax japonica

Styrax obassia

Symplocos paniculata

Syringa species (Lilacs)

Tasmannia xerophila (Alpine Pepperbush)

Tetradium daniellii (syn. Euodia daniellii)

Korean Euodia

Thujopsis dolobrata

Tilia species

Toona sinensis (z-6)

Torreya nucifera (nut) z-7


Trochodendron aralioides (Wheel Tree), z-6

Umbellaria californica (California Bay laurel)

Vaccinium (450 species)

Vaccinum ovatum (Evergreen huckleberry)

Vaccinum parvifolium (red huckleberry)

Viburnum species

Viburnum lentago, Nannyberry, z-2

Viburnum prunifolium, Black Haw, z-3

Weigelia species and hybrids

Xanthorhiza simplissima , Yellowroot. Medicinal, suckering sub-shrub. Sun to part shade. z-4

Yucca species

Zanthoxylum americanum z-4

Zanthoxylum piperitum z-7

Zauschneria californica

Zelkova species.

Once again, the tip of the iceberg. I plan to do expanded editions with common names. Still looking for the person who will make this an interactive database.

The keen horticulturist will see many glaring omissions in this list, but for beginning horticulturists and permaculturists a study of the species on this list will expand their plant palates.

Another useful book to consult along these lines is Trees of Seattle by Arthur Lee Jacobson.

MICHAEL “SKEETER” PILARSKI is a life-long student of plants and earth repair. His farming career started in 2nd grade and his organic farming career began in 1972 at age 25. Michael founded Friends of the Trees Society in 1978 and took his first permaculture design course in 1982. Since 1988 he has taught 36 permaculture design courses in the US and abroad. His specialties include earth repair, agriculture, seed collecting, nursery sales, tree planting, fruit picking, permaculture, agroforestry, forestry, ethnobotany, medicinal herb growing, hoeing and wildcrafting. He has hands-on experience with over 1000 species of plants. He is a prolific gathering organizer and likes group singing.